Osteoarthritis is a common joint disease.
OA is a slowly progressive non-inflammatory condition that affects hands, spine and weight bearing joints. Pain is worse after activity.
Obesity is a risk factor for development of OA, especially of the knee and hip. The risk of knee OA increases by 36% for every 11 pounds of weight gain.
Treatment involves symptom relief and may include weight reduction, exercise to reduce stiffness and increase muscle strength, splinting, topical anesthetics, medications to reduce pain and joint replacement.
Joint replacement may be considered when pain is unresponsive to medical treatment or where there is considerable loss of joint function.
- Most common type of arthritis.
- Obesity is the most common associated condition.
- Pain is worsened with activity.